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What are the Different Types of Security Patrolling?

Security patrolling is essential for maintaining safety and security in various settings. It involves security officers regularly monitoring an area to detect and deter potential threats.

This article will explore the various types of security patrolling, their benefits, and how they can enhance the safety of your premises.

What is Security Patrolling?

Security patrolling refers to the routine activity of security officers moving around a designated area to ensure everything is in order. The primary goals are to identify unusual activities, prevent illegal actions, and protect both people and assets.

The Importance of Security Patrolling

Effective security patrols are crucial for several reasons:

  • Situational Awareness: Regular patrols help security officers become familiar with the area, making it easier to spot unusual activities.
  • Deterrence: The visible presence of security personnel discourages potential intruders.
  • Safety Assurance: Security patrols protect individuals from various hazards and provide a safe environment for work or living.
  • Asset Protection: They prevent theft, vandalism, and other forms of property damage, safeguarding a company’s reputation and bottom line.

Types of Security Patrolling

Foot Patrols

Foot patrols involve security officers walking through the premises to monitor and secure the area. This type of patrolling is one of the most traditional and effective methods for ensuring close-up inspection and interaction.

foot patrol keeping the premises safe


  • Thorough Inspection: Officers can check doors, windows, and other entry points for signs of forced entry or tampering.
  • Personal Interaction: Foot patrols allow security officers to interact with employees, visitors, and residents, fostering a sense of safety and trust.
  • Immediate Response: Officers can quickly respond to any suspicious activity or emergencies they encounter during their rounds.
  • Customizable Routes: Patrol routes can be adjusted based on the specific needs of the property, ensuring high-risk areas receive more frequent checks.

Ideal For:

  • Buildings where vehicular access is limited.
  • Areas with high foot traffic, such as shopping malls and office buildings.
  • Events where close monitoring of crowds is necessary.

Typical Duties:

  • Checking the integrity of doors, windows, and locks.
  • Monitoring for unusual activities or suspicious individuals.
  • Assisting with the opening and closing of the premises.
  • Reporting and addressing safety hazards, like spills or obstructions.

Mobile Patrols

Mobile patrols use vehicles, such as cars, motorcycles, or even bicycles, to cover larger areas more efficiently.

These patrols are highly visible and can serve as a strong deterrent to criminal activity.

a mobile patrol officer checking a driver for crime prevention

Benefits of Mobile Patrols

  • Large Area Coverage: Vehicles enable security officers to patrol expansive properties quickly, which is especially useful for industrial sites, large campuses, and residential neighborhoods.
  • High Visibility: Marked security vehicles act as a deterrent to potential criminals, signaling a robust security presence.
  • Rapid Response: Mobile patrols can quickly respond to alarms, emergencies, or reported incidents across the property.
  • Versatile: Vehicles can be equipped with additional security tools, such as lights, sirens, and communication devices.

Ideal For:

  • Large properties like industrial parks, corporate campuses, and residential communities.
  • Areas with multiple points of entry and exit.
  • Locations requiring frequent checks of vast perimeters or remote areas.

Typical Duties:

  • Patrolling parking lots, access roads, and perimeter fences.
  • Responding to alarm activations or distress calls.
  • Performing routine checks on multiple locations within the patrol area.
  • Coordinating with foot patrols and other security measures.

Active Patrolling

Active patrolling involves security officers leaving their stationary posts at regular intervals to conduct patrols of the surrounding area. This method ensures that officers remain vigilant and mobile, capable of responding to incidents swiftly.

security guard keeping a warehouse secure

Benefits of Active Patrolling

  • Proactive Monitoring: Regular movement helps in identifying potential security threats before they escalate.
  • Increased Vigilance: Officers are less likely to become complacent, maintaining a higher level of alertness.
  • Quick Reaction: Active patrols ensure that security personnel can quickly reach and address issues within their designated areas.

Ideal For:

  • Office buildings, schools, and hospitals where constant monitoring is necessary.
  • Locations where static security might not be sufficient to deter criminal activities.
  • Facilities requiring regular checks of critical infrastructure or sensitive areas.

Typical Duties:

  • Conducting routine checks of hallways, stairwells, and common areas.
  • Ensuring fire exits, emergency equipment, and surveillance systems are functioning properly.
  • Interacting with staff and visitors to provide assistance and gather intelligence on potential security concerns.
  • Documenting any irregularities or security breaches.

Random Patrolling

Random patrolling involves conducting patrols at unpredictable times and varying routes. This method prevents criminals from predicting security patterns and planning their activities around them.

security guard completing his responsibility by guarding the parameter

Benefits of Random Patrolling

  • Unpredictability: The lack of a set schedule makes it difficult for potential intruders to anticipate when patrols will occur.
  • Enhanced Deterrence: The random nature of patrols increases the perceived presence of security, deterring criminal activity.
  • Flexibility: Officers can adapt their patrols based on real-time intelligence and emerging threats.

Ideal For:

  • High-risk areas prone to targeted criminal activities.
  • Businesses looking to implement a more robust and flexible security strategy.
  • Properties requiring a mix of scheduled and unscheduled patrols to maintain security.

Typical Duties:

  • Varying patrol routes and times to ensure comprehensive coverage.
  • Conducting surprise checks of vulnerable areas or previously identified hotspots.
  • Utilizing technology, such as GPS tracking, to ensure random patrols are effectively covering the necessary ground.
  • Coordinating with other security measures, like surveillance cameras and alarm systems, to enhance overall security.


Who Can Benefit from Patrol Security Services?

Various industries can benefit from security patrolling services, including:

  • Residential Complexes: To ensure the safety of residents and property.
  • Construction Sites: To protect valuable equipment and materials.
  • Hotels: To provide a secure environment for guests.
  • Farming Sites: To safeguard livestock and equipment.
  • Event Venues: To manage security during large gatherings.

Advantages of Patrol Security Services

security guard assessing a facility for any risk

1. Creating a Safe Environment:

A professional security patrol ensures your workplace or property is safe at all times, preventing illegal activities and ensuring peace of mind.

2. Rapid Response

Patrol officers can respond quickly to any incident, whether it’s a break-in, medical emergency, or other threats, ensuring immediate action is taken.

3. Customized Services

Security patrols can be customized to meet the specific needs of your business, whether it’s continuous monitoring or scheduled patrols.

4. Comprehensive Protection

Security patrol services provide specialized guards who can adapt to various situations, ensuring comprehensive protection for your business, employees, and customers.


Investing in security patrolling services is an important decision for maintaining the safety and security of your business. 

Whether you require regular patrols, random checks, or mobile patrols, Walton Security has got you covered. With over 7 years of experience with securing business, we know how to keep you and your business safe. 

Apart from mobile patrols, we offer a plethora of security services in Melbourne.

Hire Walton Security guards for your security needs today.

You can reach us | By Phone | 03 9028 8098

Website | www.waltonsecurity.com.au and you can chat to us from here

Email | info@waltonsecurity.com.au

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